Human Resource Development sub-component 4.1
The development objective for the first phase of the project (LAP I) was to undertake legal and institutional reforms and key land administration pilots to lay the foundation for the development of a sustainable and well functioning land administration system that is fair, efficient, cost effective, decentralized and that enhances land tenure security. Under the second phase (LAP 2), the development objective is “To consolidate and strengthen urban and rural land administration and management systems for efficient and transparent land service delivery”. It seeks to secure and complete the legal and institutional reforms started in LAP-1, building on the momentum underway to transform the Lands Commission (LC), the Office of the Administrator of Stool Lands (OASL) and Town and Country Planning Department (T&CPD) into modern and efficient land institutions.
Although significant achievements were made under Phase I, the system for service delivery is still weak and continues to rely on outdated regulations and business processes, lack of adequate functional and coordinated geographic information systems and networks, as well as transparent guidelines.
There is limited capacity and capability to initiate and coordinate policy actions and to resolve contradictory policies and initiatives among various land delivery agencies. At the same time, the expansion of land services (mapping, cadastre, titling, automated land information services for infrastructure planning, etc), will unleash new demands in the commercial and general public that will compete with available skilled professionals. The LSAs would require trained and skilled administrators, surveyors, lawyers and supporting staff to address land issues and provide better services.
The land sector reform process has been planned against a backdrop of deepening systems integration and broadening geographical coverage. The deepening involves integration of legal and geographical information system with modern technology, requiring the continuous upgrading of staff skills to establish, manage and maintain a robust land information system. The expansion will vastly increase opportunities for high-performing, dedicated staff at the forefront of the reform process to upgrade skills, reach managerial responsibilities and develop careers.
Land administration systems are evolving from a focus on core functions of regulating land rights administration, land and property development, land use controls and land taxation and disputes to a focus on integrated land management systems designed to support sustainable development. Consequently, there is the need to establish a comprehensive, robust, motivated and sustained human resources base and management system for effective and efficient land services delivery.
Comprehensive Capacity Needs of LSAs and development of HRD Plans
The Human Resource Development Component will involve a comprehensive assessment of the capacity needs of the land sector agencies and key players, namely the: Lands Directorate of the Ministry, Lands Commission, Office of the Administrator of Stool Lands, Town & Country Planning Department, Customary Land Secretariats (CLSs), and NGOs involved in land administration.
Based on the results of the needs assessment, a Capacity Building Strategy and 3-year Human Resource Development Plans for short (six months) and long term will be developed for the LSAs and land related NGOs on the legal (registration, titling, customary law, alternative dispute resolution, outreach), technical (geomatics including, geodetic networks and models, surveying, mapping, ground truthing, demarcation, integrated land information systems, systems security and audits, land administration, valuation, estate/facilities management), social (participatory techniques, gender, policy and social analysis), Monitoring and Evaluation (M & E), ICT, as it relates to land administration, governance, environment and climate change, and sustainable land management.
The project will also undertake mapping and assessment of the CSOs working in land administration and reforms and identify areas of their capacity development including: understanding and knowledge about concepts relating to land e.g. ownership, interest, rights, leases, land management practices, etc.; gender mainstreaming of land as resource and as socio-economic right; research capacity on land and land related issues; advocacy on policy issues and legislative reviews; governance of land linking cultural practices, customary land issues, etc; alternative dispute resolution; and environmental/sustainable land management;
The project will also identify recognised public academic and private sector institutions for delivering of training and assess their capacities to ensure that they have the levels and resources required for the program.
The capacity building will include training and in special cases, post-graduate courses in-country. Outside-country post graduate training will be determined on a case by case and only when the course is not offered in-country. Twining arrangements between national and outside faculties will be encouraged to facilitate knowledge sharing.
Other support under this component includes,
- technical assistance support, particularly for the surveys, title registration and information systems.
- Study tours
- provision of logistical support to perform statutory roles in providing efficient service to clients
- public awareness programs.
- provision of Technical Assistance in the following areas: (i) GRN; (ii) remote sensing techniques; (iii) transformation parameters and system converters between old and new systems including conversion of analogue parcel data to digital format and digital maps from the current to the International Terrestrial Reference Framework (ITRF); (iv) business process re-engineering and automation; (v) Land Title registration; and (vi) Land use planning
Support for Implementation of Strategic Plans of LSAs
The component will also build capacity in support of the implementation of the Strategic Plans of the main land sector agencies, (Lands Commission, OASL and TCPD), the private sector landowner/traditional authorities, judiciary, NGOs and other stakeholders and NGOs (CICOL in particular) to deliver better services, participation as well as build better customer awareness and ensure efficient project management.
The component will also support better working environment by way of construction of a regional office for the LC in Kumasi to facilitate service provision in the Ashanti region.