National Spatial Development Framework (NSDF) for Ghana

The Town and Country Planning Department (TCPD) has completed the preparation of a National Spatial Development Framework (NSDF) for Ghana under the Second Ghana Land Administration Project (LAP-2) of the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources. 

The NSDF provides a strategic national vision (desired future) for spatial development in Ghana over a twenty (20) year period. It provides a spatial expression of Ghana’s development aspirations in terms of economic, social, environmental and other aspects. 

In the absence of a mechanism for guiding the spatial distribution of facilities, location of facilities have been done in a laissez faire manner and thus caused great distortions in the hierarchy of settlements.   The absence of joint development planning at the district level coupled with the absence of a clear mandate for plan preparation at the regional level has further heightened coordination challenges. This has caused a disconnect among otherwise complementary development interventions in the country.  Currently, some District Assemblies are engaged in sourcing funds individually to provide facilities that have a national sphere of influence and therefore should be facilitated by the central government directly.

The Land Use Planning and Management Project which is a sub-component of the Ghana Land Administration Project, facilitated the preparation of a National Spatial Development Framework (NSDF) spanning 20 years for the entire territory of Ghana.

The NSDF is expected to provide: 

  • perspectives and proposals for what kind of developments should take place, how much of it should occur, where this should happen, and how this should happen in order to take advantage of presented opportunities.  
  • a spatial strategy for achieving defined social, economic and environmental interventions related to employment, housing, infrastructure services (waste, water, energy, etc.), education, health care, tourism and leisure, transportation, communications, culture and nature and the environment.


The Project started in April 2013 and was due to be completed in October 2014 but challenges with data access delayed the completion until March 2015. The NSDF focuses on key themes such as population, human settlements and urbanization, economic development, social development, infrastructure development, environmental management and climate change. 

According to Mr. Kofi Dankwa Osei, the  former Ag. Director of the TCPD, the National Spatial Development Framework for Ghana has been completed and the final hard copy is due to be presented to the National Development Planning Commission for onward transmission to Cabinet, Parliament and the Presidency. read more...


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National Project Co-ordinator Land Administration Project (LAP) Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources 
P. O. Box MB 212 
Accra, Ghana

  • Tel: 233 – 0303 – 969687

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