Human Resource Development sub-component 4.1
The development objective for the first phase of the project (LAP I) was to undertake legal and institutional reforms and key land administration pilots to lay the foundation for the development of a sustainable and well functioning land administration system that is fair, efficient, cost effective, decentralized and that enhances land tenure security. Under the second phase (LAP 2), the development objective is “To consolidate and strengthen urban and rural land administration and management systems for efficient and transparent land service delivery”. It seeks to secure and complete the legal and institutional reforms started in LAP-1, building on the momentum underway to transform the Lands Commission (LC), the Office of the Administrator of Stool Lands (OASL) and Town and Country Planning Department (T&CPD) into modern and efficient land institutions.
Although significant achievements were made under Phase I, the system for service delivery is still weak and continues to rely on outdated regulations and business processes, lack of adequate functional and coordinated geographic information systems and networks, as well as transparent guidelines.
There is limited capacity and capability to initiate and coordinate policy actions and to resolve contradictory policies and initiatives among various land delivery agencies. At the same time, the expansion of land services (mapping, cadastre, titling, automated land information services for infrastructure planning, etc), will unleash new demands in the commercial and general public that will compete with available skilled professionals. The LSAs would require trained and skilled administrators, surveyors, lawyers and supporting staff to address land issues and provide better services.
The land sector reform process has been planned against a backdrop of deepening systems integration and broadening geographical coverage. The deepening involves integration of legal and geographical information system with modern technology, requiring the continuous upgrading of staff skills to establish, manage and maintain a robust land information system. The expansion will vastly increase opportunities for high-performing, dedicated staff at the forefront of the reform process to upgrade skills, reach managerial responsibilities and develop careers.
Land administration systems are evolving from a focus on core functions of regulating land rights administration, land and property development, land use controls and land taxation and disputes to a focus on integrated land management systems designed to support sustainable development. Consequently, there is the need to establish a comprehensive, robust, motivated and sustained human resources base and management system for effective and efficient land services delivery.
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