Urban Management Land Information System (UMLIS)
Improving Urban Conditions through Innovative Finance
Position paper on Urbanisation in Ghana submitted to the Institute of Local
Government Studies toward the national Urban Diagnostic Forum
Urbanisation is becoming more and more a complex for the Accra Metropolitan Assembly. It is indeed an undeniable fact that the trend of urbanisation cannot be reversed. Urbanisation also brings with it unbudgeted financial commitments towards waste generation which becomes challenging for many cities including Accra. It is therefore important that proper urban management measures and strategies are put in place to deal with this complex situation.
Besides the complex challenges lies unutilised large potentials which could have been used effectively to address the challenges. The urban area has large built-up areas full of mostly economic activities. For instance property rates alone contribute about 65 percent of internally generated sources of revenue to the Assembly. However, in 2008 less than 35 percent of property rate budget were actually collected. This reduces their capacity to develop and to provide services to its citizens and put constraint on central government fund. It therefore reduces Government’s ability to channel funds to meet urgent needs in the rural areas and neglected sectors.
UMLIS provides the platform for sound intervention for a number of urban endeavours intended to address the challenges. For instance an intervention like slum upgrading requires cadastral information and funding. An updated register will enhance the Assembly’s effectiveness to mobilise the necessary revenue to undertake developmental projects. UMLIS will help transform our record management, billing payment and accounting system for particularly property rates.
The objective of the project is to develop a tool, UMLIS, and a database platform for local governments in Ghana which will help them to efficiently collect land rents and other municipal fees and for effective urban management. The project is strengthening the local authorities through competence building of the staff.
UMLIS is a GIS-system combining geographic and alphanumeric data. An up-dated digital base map facilitates identification of parcels, parcel numbers, information on owners, values of properties and rates to be paid. Once the platform is set demographic attributes, socio-economic statistics and other infrastructural facilities are registered for several other references to be made for a common and coordinated management of the urban area. In this way all urban development and management endeavours are effectively consolidated for good result.
Representation of Geographic and Alphanumeric data in the UMLIS system
UMLIS is replicable and allows added functionalities, and in future can also be used for more of 88 AMA functions and other purposes such as planning, development control, slum-upgrading, waste management, infrastructural development and management among others. UMLIS can also be implemented in other countries with other conditions.
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