There are different ways to calculate the fees of all properties (3 ways) and of all businesses (2 ways).
A) For property fees:
This is based on a fixed rate for each property use, which is defined by the Assembly for each 'property use' in GHc for each year.
Data required are the classes and their 'rates' (imported or entered as explained in the previous Chapter 126.96.36.199) and the 'property use' code (usually a code such as 101, 102 or similar) of all properties (imported or entered with the 'Import revenue data' Tool as explained in Chapter 188.8.131.52). Again: Each property must have a 'property use' code (a code such as 101, 102 or similar).
Example: Each residential property of class 1 (usually coded in LUPMIS as 101) is rated by the Assembly with GHc 15.00 per year. Property 678-0789-0012, which is in this class 101, has a revenue of GHc 15.00.
Rate-impost, based on expected expenditure:
This is based on the revenue income, as expected by the Assembly, and on the property value of each individual property, as assessed by the Land Valuation (Board).
Data required are the total expected expenditure, the non-property revenue and the area of revenue expectation, which is either for the entire District (enter 'all') or only for a specific Sector (Local Plan, enter name of the Local Plan).
Additional required data are the 'property use' code (usually a code such as 101, 102 or similar) of all properties (imported or entered with the 'Import revenue data' Tool as explained in Chapter 184.108.40.206), and the property values (in GHc) of all properties (imported with the same Tool). These two steps can be combined, if the property values are in the property data file.
Modificator (% of the base) of each property use class can be imported, entered or edit to LUPMIS:
Technical note: LUPMIS will automatically calculate: First, division of the expected property revenue by the total of all property values to come up with the rate-impost factor for all properties. Then, for each property code (e.g. 101, 102 etc): Calculation of the total of all property values, multiplication of this total with the rate-impost for all (from previous step), and division by the property value of all properties. This will create an 'unmodified rate-impost factor' for each property code. As this will not add up to the requested total expected property revenue, it has to be modified in form of a multiplication factor. With this 'modified rate-impost factor' all property values will be multiplied to assign the final revenue.
The rate-impost factor will be displayed for each property category. The system will use this factor ('modified rate-impost factor') for calculation of all properties.
Example: The Assembly determines 8,000,000 GHc as the total expected expenditure, 3,000,000 GHc as the non-property revenue, for the entire District ('all'). Property 678-0789-0012 has property use 102 ('residential class B') and a value of 15,000 GHc. This results in a rate-impost factor of 0.000123 and - after multiplication with the value - in a revenue of 123 GHc.
A technical description of the difference is accessible in the 'OR' column ('What is the difference?').
Example: The Assembly determines a rate-impost of 0.00123 for all residential class B. Property 678-0789-0012 has property use 102 ('residential class B') and a value of 15,000 GHc. This results in a revenue of 18.45 GHc.
After 'Apply annual fees ....' another options might pop up for the selection of:
- Should any arrears (debts) of previous year be considered for due payment
- Should a minimum fee be applied (in case if the rateable value is extremely low)
- Which of the two earlier described rate-impost methods should be taken
- What happens, if no rateable value has been assessed?
If in doubt, just choose the default (proposed) option. Alternatively, it is possible for the Finance Section to assess different scenarios with their yield.
B) For business fees:
This is based on a fixed rate for each business class, which is defined by the Assembly for each class in GHc.
Example: Hairdresser (can be coded in LUPMIS as 1701) is rated by the Assembly with GHc 50.00 per year. Business 678-0789-0045 has code 1701, i.e. is a hairdresser. The revenue for this business will be 50 GHc.
BOP 'Business Operation Permit', with 5 qualitative factors:
This is based on the same business categories and rates as in method above, but with the addition of 5 factors:
- Location: Prime / good / fair
- Number of permanent employees: 0-10 / 11-20 / 21-30 / 31-40 / > 40
- Impact on environment: No / light / medium / heavy pollution
- Type of business office operations: Main office / area office / branch office / agency
- Nature of the business enterprises: International / national / local
In addition to the same data required for the method above, it also requires the percentage figures for location, number of employees, impact on environment, business office operation, business operations of all business through 'Import revenue data (field)' Tool, as explained in Chapter 220.127.116.11.
LUPMIS will automatically add to the base revenue the sum of all 5 factor percentages (sum of all 5 factors / 100, multiplied with the base revenue, added to the base revenue). In the extreme, the base rate of the first method can increase to 6-times.
Example: The hairdresser above (LUPMIS code 1701, rated as 50.00 GHc per year) is assessed with 100 for good location, 20 for 1-10 employees, 80 for medium pollution, 40 for agency, 40 for local enterprise. This totals to 280, then divided by 100: 280 / 100 = 2.8, then * 50 = 140. The fee is 50 + 140 = 190 GHc.
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It is possible to define tax exemption (e.g. for Government institutions). If a unit is tax-exempted, no fees will be calculated, no Demand Notices will be printed. See following Chapter 18.104.22.168a for assignment of tax-exemptions.
It is possible to print a map with all tax-exempted properties / businesses. On all 'red/green maps', tax-exempted units appear with a different colour (light green).